There is a lot of confusion about the endorsements for student pilots, transitioning pilots, sport pilots, private pilots and CFI’s for light-sport aircraft (LSA).

Note that the instructor or examiner entry at bottom of endorsement typically looks like:
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004, J. J. Jones, 610610CFI exp. 12-06
This is specifically:
Instructors signature, date of endorsement, Instructors printed name, instructors CFI number with CFI expiration date.

So here are all of them organized and easy to understand format with checklist:

TSA requirements for students training for FAA initial pilot certificate

Because of the Transportation and Security Administration (TSA) 49 CFR 1552 rules the following is required:

  • US government issued documents that establish identity with picture ID with name, date of birth, gender, height, eye color and address such as a drivers license and
  • Documents that establish US citizenship such as a US passport, US birth certificate, Social Security Card

The CFI must provide a TSA logbook endorsement:
I certify that [insert student’s name] has presented me a [insert type of document presented, such as a U.S. birth certificate or U.S. passport, and the relevant control or sequential number on the document, if any] establishing that [he or she] is a U.S. citizen or national in accordance with 49 CFR 1552.3(h).
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004, J. J. Jones, 610610CFI 12-06

Note: For “non-USA Citizens” a Training Authorization (TA) is required from the TSA.  TSA endorsements are not needed until after the first intro/training/discovery flight.

Summary of “student pilot” solo logbook endorsements

(add any additional limitations as required for solo flights):

_____ Instructor endorses back of Student Pilot Certificate make/model § 61.87(n) (1).

Prior to first local supervised solo flight, place in logbook:
1. Pre-solo aeronautical knowledge: § 61.87(b)
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has satisfactorily completed the pre-solo knowledge exam of § 61.87(b) for the (make and model aircraft). J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06

2a. Pre-solo flight training: § 61.87(c) and (d)airplane (m)WSC (L)PPC
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required pre-solo training in a (make and model aircraft). I have determined he/she has demonstrated the proficiency of § 61.87 (c) and (d,m*) and is proficient to make a supervised solo flight at (local airport) on (include date) in (make and model aircraft).
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06
* for 2a and 2b use following category of aircraft: d-Airplane, Gyroplane, Glider, Airship, Balloon, l-PPC, m-WSC

Speed endorsement required per § 61.89 (c) (5)(not required for WSC trikes and PPC under the 87 knots Vh)
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training of § 61.327 in a (make and model aircraft). I have determined him/her proficient to act as PIC of a light-sport aircraft that has a VH (greater or less) than 87 knots CAS. J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06

If towered airspace flights is required:
Solo flight in Class B, C, and D airspace, § 61.94(a) :
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training of § 61.94 (a). I have determined he/she is proficient to conduct solo flights in (name of Class B, C, or D) airspace. (List any applicable conditions or limitations.)
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06

Prior to each additional local supervised solo place in logbook:
2b. Supervised solo flight training: § 61.87(c, d or m)
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required pre-solo training in a (make and model aircraft). I have determined he/she has demonstrated the proficiency of § 61.87 (c) (d,m*) and is proficient to make a supervised solo flight on (include date) in (make and model aircraft) at (local airport) .
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06

After supervised solo flights place in logbook endorsement for unsupervised solo:
(typically endorsements are for 7 to 10 days. 90 days is the maximum allowed.)
3. Solo flight (1st 90-day with flight training 90 days prior to flights): § 61.87(n) (2)
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training to qualify for local solo flying at (local airport). I have determined he/she meets the applicable requirements of § 61.87(n) (2) and is proficient to make solo flights in (make and model) until (maximum 90 days from date given).
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06

Note that airspace endorsements are required for each 90 day (or less) endorsements above and below.

4. Solo flight (each additional 90-day period): § 61.87(p) :
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training to qualify for solo flying. I have determined he/she meets the applicable requirements of § 61.87(p) and is proficient to make local solo flights at (local airport) in (make and model) until (maximum 90 days from date given).
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06

5. Solo takeoffs and landings at another airport within 25 NM: § 61.93(b) (1):
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training of § 61.93(b)(1). I have determined that he/she is proficient to practice solo takeoffs and landings at (airport name). The takeoffs and landings at (airport name) are subject to the following conditions: (List any applicable conditions or limitations.)
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06

See below for class B, C, and D towered airport endorsements if needed.

Solo “student pilot” Cross-Country Endorsements

Logbook endorsements:

5. Solo takeoffs and landings at another airport within 25 NM: § 61.93(b) (1):
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training of § 61.93(b)(1). I have determined that he/she is proficient to practice solo takeoffs and landings at (airport name). The takeoffs and landings at (airport name) are subject to the following conditions: (List any applicable conditions or limitations.)
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06

Student Pilot certificate endorsement:

Instructor endorses back of Student Pilot Certificate make/model for cross country § 61.93(c) (1) 

Logbook endorsements:

Prior to 1st cross-country solo place in logbook: (Instructor who did the Training):
6. Initial solo cross-country flight Training: § 61.93(c) (1)
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required solo cross-country training. I find he/she has met the applicable requirements of § 61.93, and is proficient to make solo cross-country flights in a (make and model aircraft).
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06

Prior to each solo cross-country flight: (Any instructor who reviews the flight planning):
7. Solo cross-country flight: § 61.93(c) (2) (ii)
I have reviewed the cross-country planning of (First name, MI, Last name). I find the planning and preparation to be correct to make the solo flight from (location) to (destination) via (route of flight) with landings at (name the airports) in a (make and model aircraft) on (date). (List any applicable conditions or limitations.)
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06

8. Repeated solo cross-country flights not more than 50 nm from point of departure, §61.93(b) (2):
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training in both directions between and at both (airport names). I have determined that he/she is proficient of § 61.93(b)(2) to conduct repeated solo cross-country flights over that route, subject to the following conditions: (List any applicable conditions or limitations.)
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06

9. Solo flight in Class B, C, and D airspace, § 61.94(a) (required each additional 90-day period):
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training of § 61.94 (a). I have determined he/she is proficient to conduct solo flights in (name of Class B, C, or D) airspace. (List any applicable conditions or limitations.)
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06

10. Solo flight to, from, or at an airport located in Class B, C, or D airspace or on an airport having an operational control tower, § 61.94(a) and § 91.131(b)(1) (required each additional 90-day period):
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training of § 61.94 (a) (1). I have determined that he/she is proficient to conduct solo flight operations at (name of airport) located in Class B, C, or D airspace or on an airport having an operational control tower. (List any applicable conditions or limitations.)
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06

“Certificated pilot” (not student pilot) solo logbook endorsement

This is for a certificated pilot (not student pilot) who wants to solo in a different category or class of aircraft. Solo is not required for a certificated pilot to obtain a new category or class of aircraft per 61.321 (trained by one CFI and take a proficiency check by another CFI to obtain privileges to fly additional category or class of LSA at sport pilot level). However, it must be clearly understood that if the pilot is a private pilot airplane as an example, he/she must be current as a pilot current per 61.56 to use this endorsement. This current pilot wants to solo new category or class with § 61.31 d (2) allows this option. For certificated/current  pilot  in category/class to solo flight in a different category or class aircraft, place in logbook:

I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has satisfactorily completed the training required per § 61.31 (d)(2) for the (make and model aircraft) solo flight (add any additional limitations as required for solo flights). J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06

Initial Sport Pilot Checkride Endorsements

Sport Pilot Knowledge test

Endorsement for sport pilot knowledge test in logbook:
11. Written Sport Pilot General Knowledge test endorsement § 61.35(a) (1) and § 61.309:
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training of § 61.309. I have determined that he/she is prepared for the (category and class) knowledge test.
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06

Instructor provides Knowledge test endorsement that missed questions have been reconciled:
12a. Sport Pilot Knowledge test deficiencies reconciliation
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training and demonstrated satisfactory knowledge of deficient areas from the Sport Pilot knowledge test as required per § 61.39 for the practical test.
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06
(this can also be done on the knowledge test itself instead of in the logbook)

Sport Pilot Practical Test (checkride)

Instructor verifies Knowledge test endorsement that missed questions have been reconciled:
Sport Pilot Knowledge test deficiencies reconciliation (same as above)
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training and demonstrated satisfactory knowledge of deficient areas from the Sport Pilot knowledge test as required per § 61.39 for the practical test.
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06
(this endorsement can also be done on the knowledge test itself in place of the logbook endorsement)

Instructor provides logbook endorsement for practical test per 61.39 (a) (6):
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training of § 61.309, §61.311 and met the experience requirements of § 61.313. I have determined that he/she is prepared for the (category and class) practical test.
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06

Instructor fills out Form 8710-11 properly for checkride and endorses on the top/back.
Back to top

Additional Endorsements recommended before checkride

Airspeed endorsement so pilot will have it after checkride:
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training of § 61.327 in a (make and model aircraft). I have determined him/her proficient to act as PIC of a light-sport aircraft that has a VH (greater or less) than 87 knots CAS.
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06

Notes: The below Vh 87 knots endorsement is not required for WSC trikes or PPC. The solo speed endorsement per 61.89 (c) 5 is adequate for the sport pilot after receiving the pilot certificate however an endorsement in the logbook right before the checkride is easier to find and more organized for the pilot in the future if needed.

Tail wheel endorsement (if applicable) so pilot will have it after checkride:
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training of § 61.31 in a (make and model aircraft). I have determined him/her proficient to act as PIC of a tail wheel airplane .
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06

FAA Designated Pilot Examiner (DPE) provides logbook endorsement for passing the Sport Pilot Practical Test: § 61.309 and § 61.311 (Required by § 61.317 issued by a DPE)
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has met the training and endorsement requirements of §61.309, 61.311 and 61.313. I have determined him/her proficient to act as PIC of (category and class) of light-sport aircraft.
Paula Morris12-25-2004 Paula Morris (pilot cert. #)(DPE designation # and exp. date)

Additional Sport Pilot Endorsements after checkride (or endorsements before checkride are applicable after checkride)

Class B, C, Or D Airspace, At An Airport Located In Class B, C, Or D Airspace, Or To, From, Through, Or On An Airport Having An Operational Control Tower: § 61.325 (if applicable):

I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training of § 61.325. I have determined he/she is proficient to conduct operations in Class B, C, or D* airspace, at an airport located in Class B, C, or D* airspace, or to, from, through, or on an airport having an operational control tower.
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06

Note: Sport pilots need an airspeed endorsement to fly a light sport aircraft. To fly and additional speed range the following are provided. WSC trikes and PPC do not need the speed endorsement for Vh below 87 knots.

Light-Sport Aircraft That Has A Vh Greater Than 87 Knots CAS: § 61.327:

I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training of § 61.327 in a (make and model aircraft). I have determined him/her proficient to act as PIC of a light-sport aircraft that has a VH greater than 87 knots CAS.
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06

Light-Sport Airplane That Has A Vh Less Than 87 Knots CAS: § 61.327:

I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training of § 61.327 in a (make and model aircraft). I have determined him/her proficient to act as PIC of a light-sport aircraft that has a Vh less than 87 knots CAS.
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06

Existing pilot sport and/or private adding Sport Pilot category and/or class privileges with proficiency check

Example of adding category and/or class: airplane land (ASEL) to airplane sea (ASES) , airplane land (ASEL) to Weight-shift control Land (WSCL)

Endorsement and recommendation for proficiency check by recommending CFI 1:

Logbook endorsement for proficiency check:
I certify that (student/applicants name) has received the required training per § 61.309 and § 61.311.
I have determined he/she is prepared for the (category/class) proficiency check.
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004, J. J. Jones, 610610CFI 12-06

CFI 1 recommend on the top/back of the FAA 8710-11 form:
Date (01-20-20XX) CFI name CFI signature CFI # (123456CFI) CFI expiration date

Endorsement for successful proficiency check CFI 2:
Logbook endorsement after proficiency check which adds the privilege to fly additional category and/or class:
I certify that (pilots name) has met the required training and endorsement requirements of § 61.309 and § 61.311. I have determined he/she is proficient to act as PIC of (category/class) of light-sport aircraft in accordance with § 61.321.
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004, J. J. Jones, 610610CFI 12-06.

CFI 2 who performed proficiency check sings the 8910-11 form and sends it into FAA airman registration

Sport to Private Pilot or Initial Private Pilot

This also includes pilots who are already a private pilot and adding an additional category such as airplane adding helicopter or WSC or PPC.

Endorsement for private pilot knowledge test in logbook or get self directed endorsement with Prepware or www.prepware.com
Written Private Pilot Knowledge test endorsement § 61.35(a) (1) and § 61.105:
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training of § 61.105. I have determined that he/she is prepared for the (category and class) Private Pilot knowledge test.
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI exp 12-06

Note: A written knowledge test is not required if an applicant already has a private pilot license and is adding an additional category per § 61.63 (b) (4)

Private Pilot Knowledge test questions missed deficiencies reconciliation:
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training and demonstrated satisfactory knowledge of deficient areas from the Private Pilot knowledge test as required per § 61.39 for the practical test.
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06
(this endorsement can be done on the knowledge test instead of a logbook endorsement)

Private Pilot endorsement to take the practical test:
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training of § 61.105, § 61.107 and met the experience requirements of §61.109. I have determined that he/she is prepared for the (category and class) practical test.
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06

Instructor fills out Form 8710-1 or 8710-11 properly for checkride and endorses the back/top.

FAA Designated Pilot Examiner (DPE) provides logbook entry for passing the Private Pilot Practical Test:(not a required entry but nice to put in the logbook after a successful practical test/checkride)
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has succesfully completed the Private Pilot practical test for (category/class). Flight portion ______ hours.
Paula Morris 12-25-2004 Paula Morris (pilot cert. #)(DPE designation # and exp. date)

Sport Pilot Flight Instructor Applicant Initial

Endorsement to take FOI test from CFI:
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training of § 61.405(a)(1). I have determined that he/she is prepared for the Fundamentals Of Instruction Knowledge Test.
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06

Endorsement from CFI to take Flight Instructor Knowledge test:
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training of § 61.405(a)(2). I have determined that he/she is prepared for the (category and class) knowledge test.
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06

FOI knowledge test missed questions are reconciled and instructor provides logbook endorsement:
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training and demonstrated satisfactory knowledge of deficient areas from the FOI knowledge test as required per § 61.39 for the practical test.
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06

CFI knowledge test missed questions are reconciled and instructor provides logbook endorsement:
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training and demonstrated satisfactory knowledge of deficient areas from the FOI knowledge test as required per § 61.39 for the practical test.
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06

CFI spin training endorsement logbook endorsement (for airplane and glider only):
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training and demonstrated instructional proficiency in stall awareness, spin entry, spins, and spin recovery procedures as required per § 61.405 (b) 1 ii for the practical test.
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06

Instructor provides endorsement for applicant to take practical test in logbook and on form 8710-11 or 8710-1:
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training of § 61.409 and met the aeronautical experience requirements of § 61.411. I have determined he/she is prepared for the CFI – sport pilot (aircraft category and class) Practical Test.
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004 J. J. Jones 610610CFI 12-06

Flight Instructor (sport or private) adding sport pilot LSA category/class

Note: existing and current private pilot CFI do not need any endorsements to teach in airplane LSA.

Endorsement and recommendation for proficiency check:

Note: for adding airplane or glider, spin training is required as a log book entry by an instructor and not an endorsement to complete § 61.409 (m).

Logbook endorsement for proficiency check:
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training of § 61.419 and § 61.409. I have determined he/she is prepared for the CFI – sport pilot (aircraft category and class, i.e. ASEL, ASES, WSCL, WSCS, PPCL) proficiency check.
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004, J. J. Jones, 610610CFI 12-06

CFI recommend on the top/back of the FAA 8710-11 form
Date (01-20-20XX) CFI name CFI signature CFI # (123456CFI) CFI expiration date

Endorsement for successful proficiency check:
Logbook endorsement after proficiency check which adds the privilege to fly additional category and/or class:
I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has met the training and endorsement requirements of § 61.419 and § 61.409. I have determined that he/she is proficient in the areas of operation and authorized for the additional (category and class, i.e. ASEL, ASES, WSCL, WSCS, PPCL) flight instructor privilege.
J. J. Jones, 12-25-2004, J. J. Jones, 610610CFI 12-06